HOT BATHS, SAUNAS, STEAM ROOMS, HOT SPRINGS
Names are different from place to place but regardless of how you call it they all will help you relax and find wellness to body and mind. Find out how public bath culture spread all over the world by evolving and adapting to both existing local cultures and different social rules
THE ENDLESS QUEST FOR WELLNESS
With some variations, depending on culture or period, baths have been an essential part of society. Baths were part of traditions and rituals in religions such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. Not only a way to maintain the hygiene of the body, baths were also a way to achieve purification of mind and soul.
From thermal baths in natural sources, used from the Neolithic period, to modern spas, humanity reinvents or adjusts bathing rituals constantly. One of the oldest public baths currently known was built around 2500 BC in the Indus Valley, the lost city of Mohenjo-daro. Known as the "Great Bath", this huge pool, which would have been used as a temple, was excavated by archaeologists in 1921 in the Sindh region of Pakistan.
UNLIKE MOST MODERN WESTERN CULTURES BATHING WAS CONSIDERED A SOCIAL ACTIVITY IN ANCIENT ROME
Thousands of years later, around 300 BC, the public baths have become a vital part of the Roman society. Unlike most modern western cultures, where it is considered something private, bathing was a social activity in ancient Rome. At that time, the Roman baths, called thermae, were used daily by hordes of men and women of all social classes.
Since then the tradition of public baths spread throughout the world, assuming variations according to the local culture.